Jon Hamilton http://wrur.org en Bursts Of Light Create Memories, Then Take Them Away http://wrur.org/post/bursts-light-create-memories-then-take-them-away You can't just open up a living brain and see the memories inside.<p>So Roberto Malinow, a brain scientist at the University of California, San Diego, has spent years trying to find other ways to understand how memories are made and lost. Mon, 02 Jun 2014 20:36:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 6637 at http://wrur.org Bursts Of Light Create Memories, Then Take Them Away Max Planck Goes To Florida, Invites Brain Scientists To Join http://wrur.org/post/max-planck-goes-florida-invites-brain-scientists-join Germany's famous Max Planck Society has opened a brain research institute in Jupiter, Fla. It's another move in the international competition to attract the best brain researchers. Mon, 05 May 2014 20:25:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 6284 at http://wrur.org Gene Linked To Alzheimer's Poses A Special Threat To Women http://wrur.org/post/gene-linked-alzheimers-poses-special-threat-women A gene associated with Alzheimer's disease appears especially dangerous to women and may be one reason that more women than men are diagnosed with the disease.<p>The gene, known as APOE4, increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's in both sexes. Mon, 14 Apr 2014 21:48:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 6027 at http://wrur.org Gene Linked To Alzheimer's Poses A Special Threat To Women The Forgotten Childhood: Why Early Memories Fade http://wrur.org/post/forgotten-childhood-why-early-memories-fade Francis Csedrik, who is 8 and lives in Washington, D.C., remembers a lot of events from when he was 4 or just a bit younger. There was the time he fell "headfirst on a marble floor" and got a concussion, the day someone stole the family car ("my dad had to chase it down the block"), or the morning he found a black bat (the furry kind) in the house.<p>But Francis looks puzzled when his mom, Joanne Csedrik, asks him about a family trip to the Philippines when he was 3. "It was to celebrate someone's birthday," she tells him. "We took a long plane ride, two boat trips," she adds. Tue, 08 Apr 2014 21:46:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 5957 at http://wrur.org The Forgotten Childhood: Why Early Memories Fade Brain Changes Suggest Autism Starts In The Womb http://wrur.org/post/brain-changes-suggest-autism-starts-womb The symptoms of autism may not be obvious until a child is a toddler, but the disorder itself appears to begin well before birth.<p>Brain tissue taken from children who died and also happened to have autism revealed patches of disorganization in the cortex, a thin sheet of cells that's critical for learning and memory, <a href="http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1307491?query=featured_home">researchers report</a> in the <em>New England Journal of Medicine</em>. Wed, 26 Mar 2014 22:30:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 5809 at http://wrur.org Brain Changes Suggest Autism Starts In The Womb Maybe That BPA In Your Canned Food Isn't So Bad After All http://wrur.org/post/fda-studies-suggest-bpa-food-isnt-health-risk Maybe BPA isn't so bad after all.<p>The plastic additive has been <a href="http://www.ewg.org/New-Research-Fuels-Demand-for-BPA-Free-Food-Cans">vilified</a> by environmental advocacy groups. But the chemical had no effect on rats fed thousands of times the amount a typical person ingests, government scientists are <a href="http://toxsci.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/02/20/toxsci.kfu022.abstract">reporting</a> in the journal <em>Toxicological Sciences</em>.<p>The results "both support and extend the conclusion from the U.S. Wed, 26 Feb 2014 22:28:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 5557 at http://wrur.org Maybe That BPA In Your Canned Food Isn't So Bad After All Experimental Tool Uses Light To Tweak The Living Brain http://wrur.org/post/experimental-tool-uses-light-tweak-living-brain When President Obama <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/04/02/176060875/obama-s-brain-map-plan-a-most-audacious-project">announced his BRAIN Initiative</a> in April, he promised to give scientists "the tools they need to get a dynamic picture of the brain in action."<p>An early version of one of those tools already exists, scientists say. Thu, 26 Dec 2013 21:36:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 5020 at http://wrur.org Experimental Tool Uses Light To Tweak The Living Brain Brain Cells 'Geotag' Memories To Cache What Happened — And Where http://wrur.org/post/brain-cells-geotag-memories-cache-what-happened-and-where Think back to an important event in your life: a graduation, a birth, a special Thanksgiving dinner. Chances are you're remembering not only what happened, but also where it happened. And now scientists think they know why.<p>As we form so-called episodic memories, the brain appears to be using special cells in the hippocampus to "geotag" each event, <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/">researchers report</a> in <em>Science</em>. Thu, 28 Nov 2013 19:03:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 4663 at http://wrur.org Brain Cells 'Geotag' Memories To Cache What Happened — And Where In Pregnancy, What's Worse? Cigarettes Or The Nicotine Patch? http://wrur.org/post/pregnancy-whats-worse-cigarettes-or-nicotine-patch Lots of studies have shown that cigarette smoke isn't good for a fetus. So many pregnant women use nicotine gum or skin patches or inhalers to help them stay away from cigarettes.<p>A few years ago, Megan Stern became one of those women. "I smoked heavily for the first seven weeks of my pregnancy because I didn't know I was pregnant," she says. "It was an accidental pregnancy, and I found out while I was in the emergency room for another issue."<p>Stern, who lives in Massachusetts, was 21 at the time and had been smoking since she was 14. Mon, 25 Nov 2013 07:54:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 4607 at http://wrur.org In Pregnancy, What's Worse? Cigarettes Or The Nicotine Patch? Childhood Maltreatment Can Leave Scars In The Brain http://wrur.org/post/childhood-maltreatment-can-leave-scars-brain Maltreatment during childhood can lead to long-term changes in brain circuits that process fear, researchers say. Mon, 04 Nov 2013 22:13:00 +0000 Jon Hamilton 4309 at http://wrur.org Childhood Maltreatment Can Leave Scars In The Brain